1890 Twenty Dollar Treasury or Coin Note

US currency Twenty Dollar Treasury or Coin Note 1890

20 US Dollars Treasury or Coin Note, Series of 1890
$20 Treasury or Coin Note, Series of 1890
1890 Twenty Dollar Treasury or Coin Note

The Series 1890 Twenty Dollar Treasury or Coin Note was ranked 61 st most beautiful note in the book 100 Greatest American Currency Notes compiled by Bowers and Sundman.

Obverse: Bust of John Marshall, fourth Chief Justice of the United States, who served on the Supreme Court from 1801-1835. He was also Secretary of State from 1800-1801. Large brown spiky treasury seal at right and ornamental floral devices at the borders.
Reverse: The word "TWENTY" - The face value spelled in large letters and surrounded by an ornate design that took up almost the entire note.
Signatures: (as depicted) William Starke Rosecrans (Register of the Treasury) James Nelson Huston (Treasurer of the United States).

Inscriptions:  Series of 1890  -  Legal Tender Act July 14 1890  -  Bureau, Engraving & Printing  -  Register Of The Treasury  -  Treasurer Of The United States  -  Sheridan  -  Treasury Note  -  The United States Of America Will Pay To Bearer Twenty Dollars In Coin Washington, D.C.  -  Amer Septent Sigil Thesaur  -  This Note Is A Legal Tender At Its Face Value In Payment of All Debts, Public and Private, Except When Otherwise Expressly Stipulated In The Contract.

John Marshall (September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835) was the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1801–1835). His court opinions helped lay the basis for United States constitutional law and made the Supreme Court of the United States a coequal branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and served in the United States House of Representatives from 1799 to 1800. He was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801.

Treasury Note or Coin Note 1890 - 1891 Issue

Treasury notes are also called "coin notes" because the Treasury secretary was required to redeem them in his choice of gold or silver coin, although the notes were backed by silver bullion rather than coins.
Treasury notes were issued only in 1890 and 1891. Both years has the same face designs generally of military heroes.
The original reverse designs featured the values spelled out in large letters. For 1891, they were designed to allow more blank space. The ornamentation of the two 0s in 100 on the reverse of the $100 notes looks like the pattern on the skin of a watermelon. Hence, they are known in the collecting community as "watermelon notes"

1 Dollar    2 Dollars    5 Dollars    10 Dollars    20 Dollars    
50 Dollars    100 Dollars    500 Dollars    1000 Dollars