1914 Fifty Dollar Federal Reserve Note Blue Seal Philadelphia

1914 Fifty Dollar Federal Reserve Note
1914 Fifty Dollar Bill
1914 50 Dollar bill
1914 50 Dollar Bill
United States Notes - Fifty Dollar Federal Reserve Note Series 1914 Philadelphia

Obverse: Portrait of Ulysses S. Grant at the center of the bill. There is a Blue Treasury seal on the right hand side of the bill and the serial numbers are in blue ink.
Reverse: Ocean liner, sailing ship, and battleship from opposite sides converging on a small piece of tropical land. An allegorical female figure stands atop a pedestal inscribed “Panama”, representing the achievement of bridging the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The Panama Canal was finished and officially opened in 1914.
Predominant colors: Black and green.
Signatures: (as depicted) John Burke, Treasurer of the United States and David Franklin Houston, Secretary of the Treasury.
Issued by: The Federal Reserve Pennsylvania - Bank of Philadelphia 3-C.
Printer & Engraver: Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Inscriptions:  Federal Reserve Note  -  Series of 1914  -  Authorized by Federal Reserve Act of December 23, 1913  -  The United States Will Pay To The Bearer On Demand Fifty Dollars  -  Washington D.C.  -  Register Of The Treasury  -  Treasurer Of The United States  -  Amer Septent Sigil Thesaur  -  This note is receivable by all national and member banks and federal reserve banks for all taxes, customs and other public dues, it is redeemable in gold on demand at the treasury department of the United States in the city of Washington, District of Columbia, or in gold or lawful money at any federal reserve bank.

United States 50 Dollar Bills

David Franklin Houston, Secretary of the Treasury
David Franklin Houston (February 17, 1866 – September 2, 1940) was an American academic, businessman and conservative Democratic politician. He served under President Wilson as the 5th Secretary of Agriculture and the 48th United States Secretary of the Treasury.

Early life and family
Houston was born in Monroe, North Carolina, on February 17, 1866. He was the son of William Henry Houston, a horse dealer and grocer, and his wife, the former Pamela Ann Stevens. He graduated from the University of South Carolina in 1887 and did graduate work at Harvard University, where he received a M.A. in political science in 1892. Houston married Helen Beall on December 11, 1895. They had five children: David Franklin, Jr., Duval, Elizabeth, Helen and Lawrence Beid Houston.

Higher education
Houston taught political science at University of Texas. He became an adjunct member of the faculty in 1894 and was named dean of the faculty in 1899. He then became president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University) from 1902 until 1905. In 1905 he returned to UT to become that institution's president, serving until 1908. During his tenure at UT Austin, the school opened a doctoral program and a law school.
  Houston left Texas to serve as chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis, a position he held from 1908 to 1913. During his tenure he established the School of Architecture and strengthened the medical school through partnerships with Children's and Barnes hospitals. He left the university to become the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.
  Under President William McKinley he was on the board of visitors of the United States Military Academy at West Point. Later in life, he was an overseer of Harvard University and on the Columbia University Board of Trustees.

Politics and ready for Wilson's administration
Houston served as President Woodrow Wilson's Secretary of Agriculture from 1913 to 1920, when he became the Secretary of the Treasury until 1921.
  During his time as Agriculture Secretary many important agricultural laws were passed by the U.S. Congress, including the Smith-Lever Act, the Farm Loan Act, the Warehouse Act, and the Federal Aid Road Act.
  Houston came to the Treasury Department as World War I was ending and his brief tenure was marked by stormy controversies over federal monetary policies. As ex officio Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, he issued severe warnings and, increased rediscount rates in order to prevent the inflation that the European allies were experiencing. Houston predicted a fall in U.S. prices, particularly of farm products, after the optimism of the Armistice wore off. He pushed for easier credit for farmers and urged them to produce less.
  But when prices fell more dramatically than expected in 1920, farm spokesmen unfairly accused Houston of deliberately wrecking agrarian prosperity. Abroad, England and France were pushing to cancel their war debts. Houston, the U.S. Congress and the President, against cancellation, converted the short-term debts to long-term loans. Houston resigned at the end of President Wilson's term, after only a year in office.

After leaving the U.S. federal government, Houston became as the president of the Bell Telephone Securities and a vice president at AT&T. Houston also served as a director of AT&T, the Guaranty Trust Company and the United States Steel Corporation. He was president of the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York for ten years.

Houston died of a heart attack on September 2, 1940 at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York City. He was buried next to his wife at Saint John's Church Cemetery in Oyster Bay, New York.

Houston published A Critical Study of Nullification in South Carolina (1896) to establish his place in academia. He later published a two-volume memoir of his experiences as a cabinet member, Eight Years with Wilson's Cabinet.