1899 Five Dollar Silver Certificate Indian Chief Running Antelope

1899 Five Dollar Silver Certificate Indian Chief Running Antelope
1899 $5 Silver Certificate Indian Chief Running Antelope
Paper Money of the United States Five Dollar Silver Certificate 1899
1899 $5 Silver Certificate
Paper Money of the United States: Five Dollar Silver Certificate Indian Chief Running Antelope, Series of 1899

The large size Series 1899 $5 silver certificate is one of the more iconic five dollar bills. The series of 1899 five dollar silver certificate goes by many names.  It is sometimes called an indian, chief, running antelope, or onepapa.  All of the names derive from the fact that there is a Native American featured on the front of each 1899 $5 bill.
This note was ranked 10st most beautiful note in the book 100 Greatest American Currency Notes compiled by Bowers and Sundman.

Obverse: Portrait of a of Ta-to-ka-in-yan-ka, also known as Running Antelope, a member of the Oncpapa tribe of Sioux Indians. George F. C. Smillie engraved the portrait. This is the only issue of U.S. paper money for which a Native American was selected as the central feature. The obverse also bears the phrases "SILVER CERTIFICATE", "THIS CERTIFIES THAT THERE HAVE BEEN DEPOSITED IN THE TREASURY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Five Silver Dollars Payable to the Bearer on demand. Washington, D.C." It measures 7 3/8 by 3 1/8 inches and bears the distinctive blue seal and serial numbers that mark it as a genuine Silver Certificate.
Signatures: (as depicted) William S. Elliott (Register of the Treasury) and Frank White, Treasurer of the United States.
Printer & Engraver: Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Inscriptions:  Silver Certificate  -  Series of 1899  -  Act of August 4 1886  -  Register Of The Treasury  -  Treasurer Of The United States  -  This Certifies That There Have Been Deposited In The Treasury Of The United States Five Silver Dollars Payable To The Bearer On Demand Washington, D.C.  -  United States Silver Certificate  -  Amer Septent Sigil Thesaur  -  This Certificate Is Receivable For Customs, Taxes and All Public Dues, And When So Received May Be Reissued

Running Antelope or Tȟatȟóka Íŋyaŋke (1821–1896) became a head chief of the Hunkpapa in 1851. Known for his bravery in war, and skills in oratory and diplomacy, Running Antelope was one of four Hunkpapa principal chiefs who acted as close advisors to Sitting Bull during the Plains Indian Wars. His belief that compromise with the whites was in their best interests led to his eventually distancing himself from Sitting Bull. Perhaps one of the only American Indians depicted on U.S. paper money, the picture caused ill will as the Series 1899 $5 Silver Certificate pictured Running Antelope as a chief wearing a Pawnee head dress as the original Sioux head dress was too tall for the engraving.

The Fourth Issue of Silver Certificates, Series 1899, were also released in three denominations, $1 (The Black Eagle Note), $2 (The Agriculture Note) and $5 (The Indian Chief Note).

1899 5 Dollar Silver Certificate The Indian Chief Note

United States 5 Dollar Bills

United States 5 Dollar Bill 1899 Silver Certificate Indian Chief Running Antelope

5 Dollar Bills : United States Military Payment Certificates US MPC

Frank White, Treasurer of the United States
Frank White (December 12, 1856 – March 23, 1940) was the eighth Governor of North Dakota from 1901 to 1905. A Republican, White also served as Treasurer of the United States from 1921 to 1928.

Colonel Frank White was born on December 12, 1856, in Stillman Valley, Illinois, to Joshua and Lucy Ann (Brown) White. His father Joshua served in the first Wisconsin Constitutional Convention of 1846 and in the Illinois House of Representatives.

Education and career
White received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Illinois in 1880. Soon after graduation, White worked for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad. In 1882, he moved to the Dakota Territory, although his reasons for doing so are unclear. According to the book Barnes County History, White departed for North Dakota at his father's request to look after land he had acquired near Valley City; Clement Lounsberry’s North Dakota History and People reports that White moved to North Dakota to look after land he himself had purchased. Nevertheless, while White was in Valley City he met Elsie Hadley, a native of Indiana who was a math teacher at Valley City State Normal School. The couple were married on September 19, 1894, in Indianapolis. The couple had one son, Edwin Lee White who was born in Valley City, North Dakota, on July 5, 1896.

Political career
White's interests soon turned toward politics, and in 1890 he was elected to represent District 15 in the North Dakota House of Representatives. He served only one term before being elected to the State Senate in 1892. He was re-elected in 1896, but resigned from this post to become a commissioned major of the First North Dakota Volunteer Infantry, Spanish–American War.
  White arrived in the Philippines on July 30, 1898, participating in the capture of Manila on August 13. Throughout his service in the war, White participated in over twenty engagements, was a highly respected leader, and was awarded the Silver Star for bravery during combat.
  White returned to the United States in 1899, and purchased land near Litchville, North Dakota. In 1900, he opened a real estate and insurance office. That same year, he received the Republican nomination for Governor, and was victorious in the fall election. He was reelected in 1902, and under White's two-term governorship, many needed reforms were implemented. A large amount of the school funds were not drawing interest, and White decided to invest the money in bonds and farm loans, earning interest in the lump sum. It was during his administration that North Dakota's first state bonds were redeemed. In fact, through his sound financial maneuvering, a $223,000 state deficit was eliminated.
  In January 1905, however, White decided to retire from political office to return to private business. He organized the Middlewest Fire Insurance Company and served as its president until 1913, when the company merged with Twin City Fire Insurance Company. In 1914, White organized the Middlewest Loan & Trust Company and was its president until America's entry into World War I.

World War I
With the advent of World War I, White was commissioned once more, this time at the rank of colonel. He commanded the Second North Dakota National Guard Regiment, which later merged into the 41st Infantry Division. In 1918, he was sent to France, but due to his age he was not assigned to combat duty.

Treasurer of the United States
When the war ended, White returned to take up his position in Middlewest Loan & Trust Company. His career in politics was not finished, though, for in 1921 White was named United States Treasurer at the request of President Warren G. Harding. When Calvin Coolidge became President in 1924, he was asked to remain in the position. Having served in the position of US Treasurer from 1921, he resigned in May 1928 to become president of Southern Mortgage Guaranty Corporation at Chattanooga, Tennessee.He also invented smaller dollar bills while in office

Elsie White died in 1925, Colonel Frank White died in Washington, D.C. on March 23, 1940. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia, with full military honors.