1878 Five Dollar Legal Tender Note "Woodchopper"

US currency Five Dollar Legal Tender Note 1878  Woodchopper
Five Dollar Bill From Series of 1878 Woodchopper and his family
1878 5 Dollar Legal Tender Note

United States Notes - 1878 Five Dollar Legal Tender Note Woodchopper

Obverse: Bust of Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the United States, 1829-1833, from a painting by Thomas Sully, engraved by Alfred Sealey. At center, a Pioneer Family, engraved by Henry Gugler.
Reverse: Ornate Engraved Design.
Signatures: (as depicted) John Allison, Register of the Treasury and James Gilfillan, Treasurer of the United States.

The nickname for the 1878 $5 bill is the woodchopper.  The note has the portrait of Andrew Jackson on the left hand side.  The central image is that of a pioneer family moving west.  A husband and wife are pictured with their young baby.  There is also a hound dog in the frame.  The man is holding an ax.  We sometimes here this one called the wood splitter; however, woodchopper is certainly the most well-known nickname.

Inscriptions:  Act of March 3rd 1863  -  Engraved & Printed at the Bureau Engraving & Printing  -  Patented July 24th 1866  -  Geo W Casilear's Patent Nov. 24 1868  -  Register Of The Treasury  -  Treasurer Of The United States  -  Legal Tender For Five Dollars  -  Series of 1878  -  The United States Will Pay The Bearer Five Dollars Washington D.C.  -  United States Note  -  Amer Septent Sigil Thesaur  -  Columbian Bank Note Co.  -  Printed at the Bureau, Engraving & Printing, Treasury Dep!  -  United States of America  -  This Note is a Legal Tender at its face value for all debts public and private, except duties on imports and interest on the public debt.  Counterfeiting or altering this note or passing any counterfeit or alteration of it, or having in possession any false or counterfeit plate or impression of it, or any paper made in imitation of the paper on which it is printed is felony, and is punishable by $5,000 fine, or Fifteen (15) years imprisonment at hard labor or both.

United States 5 Dollar Bills

United States 5 Dollar Bill, Legal Tender Note "Woodchopper", Series 1878

5 Dollar Bills : United States Military Payment Certificates US MPC

John Allison, Register of the Treasury
John Allison (August 5, 1812 – March 23, 1878) was an American politician, most notably serving in the U.S. House as a Representative of Pennsylvania during the 1850s.
  Allison was born in Beaver, Pennsylvania and grew up to study law. He was the son of James Allison, Jr. He was admitted to the bar, but did not practice, instead establishing a hat factory. He served in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1846, 1847, and 1849; he ran successfully for the U.S. House as a Whig in the 1850 election. He lost his bid for re-election in 1852, but won back the seat in 1854 as an Oppositionist. He then retired from the House in 1856.
  After retiring from the House, he was active in the politics of the nascent Republican Party; he served as a delegate to their 1856 convention, where he nominated Abraham Lincoln for Vice President.
  On April 3, 1869, Allison was appointed Register of the U.S. Treasury, a post he held until his death. He was interred in Beaver Cemetery.