|1899 $5 Silver Certificate Indian Chief Running Antelope|
|1899 $5 Silver Certificate|
Paper Money of the United States: Five Dollar Silver Certificate Indian Chief Running Antelope, Series of 1899
The large size Series 1899 $5 silver certificate is one of the more iconic five dollar bills. The series of 1899 five dollar silver certificate goes by many names. It is sometimes called an indian, chief, running antelope, or onepapa. All of the names derive from the fact that there is a Native American featured on the front of each 1899 $5 bill.
This note was ranked 10st most beautiful note in the book 100 Greatest American Currency Notes compiled by Bowers and Sundman.
Obverse: Portrait of a of Ta-to-ka-in-yan-ka, also known as Running Antelope, a member of the Oncpapa tribe of Sioux Indians. George F. C. Smillie engraved the portrait. This is the only issue of U.S. paper money for which a Native American was selected as the central feature. The obverse also bears the phrases "SILVER CERTIFICATE", "THIS CERTIFIES THAT THERE HAVE BEEN DEPOSITED IN THE TREASURY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Five Silver Dollars Payable to the Bearer on demand. Washington, D.C." It measures 7 3/8 by 3 1/8 inches and bears the distinctive blue seal and serial numbers that mark it as a genuine Silver Certificate.
Reverse: "THIS CERTIFICATE IS RECEIVABLE FOR CUSTOMS, TAXES AND ALL PUBLIC DUES, AND WHEN SO RECEIVED MAY BE REISSUED."
Signatures: (as depicted) William S. Elliott (Register of the Treasury) Frank White (Treasurer of the United States).
Printer & Engraver: Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
Running Antelope or Tȟatȟóka Íŋyaŋke (1821–1896) became a head chief of the Hunkpapa in 1851. Known for his bravery in war, and skills in oratory and diplomacy, Running Antelope was one of four Hunkpapa principal chiefs who acted as close advisors to Sitting Bull during the Plains Indian Wars. His belief that compromise with the whites was in their best interests led to his eventually distancing himself from Sitting Bull. Perhaps one of the only American Indians depicted on U.S. paper money, the picture caused ill will as the Series 1899 $5 Silver Certificate pictured Running Antelope as a chief wearing a Pawnee head dress as the original Sioux head dress was too tall for the engraving.
The Fourth Issue of Silver Certificates, Series 1899, were also released in three denominations, $1 (The Black Eagle Note), $2 (The Agriculture Note) and $5 (The Indian Chief Note).
1899 5 Dollar Silver Certificate The Indian Chief Note