|1896 Five Dollar Silver Certificate from the Educational Series "Electricity as the Dominant Force in the World"|
|1896 $5 Silver Certificate Educational Series "Ulysses S. Grant and Philip Sheridan"|
Paper Money of the United States: 1896 Five Dollar Silver Certificate from the Educational Series
The Series 1896 Five Dollar Silver Certificate is the third and last of the famous Educational Series of 1896 - considered the most artistically designed of all U.S. currency issues - and reflects a time in American history when currency was not just money but also a work of art.
This note was ranked 5st most beautiful note in the book 100 Greatest American Currency Notes compiled by Bowers and Sundman.
Obverse: Allegorical group showing Electricity as the dominant force in the world. The United States Capitol building can be seen behind the female figures. Engraved by G.F.C. Smillie from a painting by Walter Shirlaw, with border elements designed by Thomas F. Morris.
Reverse: Busts of Ulysses S. Grant and Philip Sheridan, Union Army generals during the
Civil War. The portraits of the generals were engraved by Lorenzo J. Hatch, with the remainder engraved by G.F.C. Smillie, after Thomas F. Morris’s design.
Signatures: (as depicted) William S. Elliott (Register of the Treasury) Frank White (Treasurer of the United States).
Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). As commanding general, Grant led the Union Armies to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War, which ended shortly after Robert E. Lee surrendered to him at Appomattox in 1865. After the war, Grant served as commanding general, implementing Congressional Reconstruction, often at odds with President Andrew Johnson. Twice elected president, Grant led the Radical Republicans in their effort to remove the vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery, protect African-American citizenship, and defeat the Ku Klux Klan.
Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August 5, 1888) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. His career was noted for his rapid rise to major general and his close association with Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, who transferred Sheridan from command of an infantry division in the Western Theater to lead the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac in the East. In 1864, he defeated Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and his destruction of the economic infrastructure of the Valley, called "The Burning" by residents, was one of the first uses of scorched earth tactics in the war. In 1865, his cavalry pursued Gen. Robert E. Lee and was instrumental in forcing his surrender at Appomattox.
Sheridan fought in later years in the Indian Wars of the Great Plains. Both as a soldier and private citizen, he was instrumental in the development and protection of Yellowstone National Park. In 1883 Sheridan was appointed general-in-chief of the U.S. Army, and in 1888 he was promoted to the rank of General of the Army during the term of President Grover Cleveland.
The Third Issue of Silver Certificates, Series 1896, were released in three denominations and are titled the "Educational Series". The $1 note (History Instructing Youth), the $2 note (Science Presenting Steam & Electricity to Commerce and Manufacture) and the $5 note (Electricity as the Dominant Force in the World). These notes are very popular with collectors and are usually considered both the Most Historical and Most Artistically designed of all issues of U.S. Paper Money.
1896 2 Dollar Silver Certificate Educational Series "Science presents Steam and Electricity to Commerce and Manufacture"
1896 5 Dollar Silver Certificate Educational Series "Electricity as the Dominant Force in the World"