1890 Five Dollar Treasury or Coin Note

US currency Five Dollar Treasury or Coin Note 1890

Old US Paper Money 5 Dollars Treasury or Coin Note, Series of 1890
$5 Treasury or Coin Note, Series of 1890
1890 Five Dollar Treasury or Coin Note

The Series 1890 Five Dollar Treasury or Coin Note was ranked 90st most beautiful note in the book 100 Greatest American Currency Notes compiled by Bowers and Sundman.

Obverse: Bust of General George H. Thomas, Union Army general famous as “the Rock of Chickamauga.” His portrait was engraved by Lorenzo J. Hatch. Large brown spiky treasury seal at right and ornamental floral devices at the borders.
Reverse: The word "FIVE" - The face value spelled in large letters and surrounded by an ornate design that took up almost the entire note.
Signatures: (as depicted) William Starke Rosecrans (Register of the Treasury) James Nelson Huston (Treasurer of the United States).

Inscriptions:  Series of 1890  -  Legal Tender Act July 14 1890  -  Bureau, Engraving & Printing  -  Register Of The Treasury  -  Treasurer Of The United States  -  Thomas  -  Treasury Note  -  The United States Of America Will Pay To Bearer Five Dollars In Coin Washington, D.C.  -  Amer Septent Sigil Thesaur  -  This Note Is A Legal Tender At Its Face Value In Payment of All Debts, Public and Private, Except When Otherwise Expressly Stipulated In The Contract.

George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816 – March 28, 1870) was a United States Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War, one of the principal commanders in the Western Theater.
Thomas served in the Mexican-American War and later chose to remain with the United States Army for the Civil War, despite his heritage as a Virginian. He won one of the first Union victories in the war, at Mill Springs in Kentucky, and served in important subordinate commands at Perryville and Stones River. His stout defense at the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863 saved the Union Army from being completely routed, earning him his most famous nickname, the "Rock of Chickamauga." He followed soon after with a dramatic breakthrough on Missionary Ridge in the Battle of Chattanooga. In the Franklin-Nashville Campaign of 1864, he achieved one of the most decisive victories of the war, destroying the army of Confederate General John Bell Hood, at the Battle of Nashville.
Thomas had a successful record in the Civil War, but he failed to achieve the historical acclaim of some of his contemporaries, such as Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman. He developed a reputation as a slow, deliberate general who shunned self-promotion and who turned down advancements in position when he did not think they were justified. After the war, he did not write memoirs to advance his legacy. He also had an uncomfortable personal relationship with Grant, which served him poorly as Grant advanced in rank and eventually to the presidency.

Treasury Note or Coin Note 1890 - 1891 Issue

Treasury notes are also called "coin notes" because the Treasury secretary was required to redeem them in his choice of gold or silver coin, although the notes were backed by silver bullion rather than coins.
Treasury notes were issued only in 1890 and 1891. Both years has the same face designs generally of military heroes.
The original reverse designs featured the values spelled out in large letters. For 1891, they were designed to allow more blank space. The ornamentation of the two 0s in 100 on the reverse of the $100 notes looks like the pattern on the skin of a watermelon. Hence, they are known in the collecting community as "watermelon notes"

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