Cape Verde 1000 Escudos banknote 2007 Antonio Aurelio Goncalves

Currency of Cape Verde 1000 Escudos banknote 2007 Antonio Aurelio GoncalvesCape Verde 1000 Escudos banknote 2007 Dragon Tree

Currency of Cape Verde 1000 Escudos banknote 2007 Antonio Aurelio Goncalves
Bank of Cape Verde - Banco de Cabo Verde

Obverse: The front of the note is dominated by the portrait of António Aurélio Gonçalves, supported by a medallion made of dragon tree leaves. Over the portrait of António Aurélio Gonçalves, there’s the denomination “1000,” printed in dry green metallic ink.
  On the left side of the portrait, there’s a rectangular vertical band, which was crafted from sugar cane leaves. In the lower part of the band, there’s the denomination “1000,” written vertically. In the upper part of this band, there’s a hexagon printed in dry green metallic ink, over which there’s a relief print of a dragon tree.
  On the front of the note, there’s a hologram in the form of a cartridge, with a range of colors depending on the orientation of the note, where the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Cape Verde and the denomination “BCV 1000” are inserted.
  Also in the upper part of the front of the note, there’s a drawing of a right-facing hand holding a pen. This multi-color drawing coincides - by transparency - with the same drawing on the back of the note.

Reverse: The main element on the back of the note is the picture of a landscape of São Nicolau Island, the most prominent element being the image of a dragon tree. The denominations “1000 MIL ESCUDOS” (ONE THOUSAND ESCUDOS) are written on two lines in the lower left corner, along with the text “25 de Setembro de 2007” (September 25, 2007), date of birth of António Aurélio Gonçalves and date of issue of the note.
  Also in the back, there’s a rectangular band consisting of the denomination “1000” and the drawing of a hand holding a pen.
  The watermark, which was crafted from the portrait of António Aurélio Gonçalves that’s on the front of the note, is 33 mm in height and is located in more or less the center of the upper part of the note.
  80 mm from the bottom of the back of the note, there is a 2.75 mm thick windowed security thread with demetalized text. When the note is held up to the light, one can see another security thread which runs horizontally through the banknote.

Dimensions: 136 x 66 mm
Predominant Color: Purple
Paper: 100% cotton fluorescent fiber.

Cape Verde Banknotes - Cape Verde Paper Money
2005-2007 Issue

200 Escudos       500 Escudos       1000 Escudos

António Aurélio Gonçalves
António Aurélio Gonçalves, better known as Nhô Roque (September 25, 1901-30 September 1984), was a Cape Verdean writer, critic, historian and professor.

Gonçalves was born in the city of Mindelo, the capital of the island of São Vicente. He was the son of Roque da Silva Gonçalves. He was absent from the island for twenty two years after he headed to the imperial capital of Lisbon in 1917 after his high school studies at the seminary on the island of São Nicolau. He went to the University of Lisbon and studied medicine for two years. Later, he studied Fine Arts, history and philosophy. In 1938, he published a dissertation on the irony in the work by Eça de Queiroz. He returned to his native island in early 1939.
  He was a critic in many different areas, book prefaces, literary seminaries of the Professor's Course Formation of the Secondary School, articles and reviews with Ponto & Vírgula.
  He was professor of history and philosophy at the Mindelo (Liceu central do Mindelo) and Gil Eanes Lyceums and the technical school. He published several works and wroted for the major Cape Verdean review Claridade and the story O enterro de nha candinha Sena (1957). His other work Noite de Vento (Night Wind) was translated into French, his first work translated into a different language.
  He died on September 30, 1984 of a hit and run accident five days after his 83rd birthday.

He belonged to a family of great literary figures including the poet José Lopes da Silva and the writer Baltasar Lopes da Silva.

A street (as Rua Dr. António Aurélio Gonçalves) is named after him in Mindelo in his hometown. Along with Eugénio Tavares he was featured in a Cape Verdean $1000 escudo banknote issued between 2007 and 2014, he was also featured in a Cape Verdean stamp. In the national capital of Praia, the António Aurélio Gonçalves Instutide (IpAAG, the Instituto para António Aurélio Gonçalves) is named for him.

 - Aspecto da Ironia de Eça de Queiroz (Aspect of Irony), essay, 1937
 - Recaída, or Aurelio Recaída; 1947; reimpression: 1993; Editora Vega
 - Terra da Promissão (Promised Land); reimpression: 2002, Lisboa, Caminho Publishing; with preface by Arnaldo França
 - Noite de Vento (Windy Night), 1951: 2nd edição: Praia, 1985; with preface by Arnaldo França
 - Prodiga (Prodigy), 1956
 - Historia do Tempo Antigo, (History of the Earlier Times), 1960
 - Virgens Loucas, theatrical play, 1971
 - Biluca, 1977
 - Miragem (Mirage), 1978

Dragon Tree
Dracaena (derived from the romanized form of the Ancient Greek δράκαινα – drakaina, "female dragon", is a genus of about 120 species of trees and succulent shrubs. In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae). It has also formerly been separated (sometimes with Cordyline) into the family Dracaenaceae or placed in the Agavaceae (now Agavoideae).
  The majority of the species are native to Africa, with a few in southern Asia through to northern Australia with one species in tropical Central America. The segregate genus Pleomele is now generally included in Dracaena. The genus Sansevieria is closely related, and has recently been synonymized under Dracaena in the Kubitzki system.
  Species of Dracaena have a secondary thickening meristem in their trunk, which is quite different from the thickening meristem found in dicotyledonous plants and is termed dracaenoid thickening by some authors. This characteristic is shared with members of the Agavoideae and Xanthorrhoeoideae among other members of the Asparagales.
  Dracaena americana, Dracaena arborea, Dracaena cinnabari, Dracaena draco, Dracaena ombet, and Dracaena tamaranae are commonly known as dragon trees and grow in arid semi-desert areas. They are tree-sized with stout trunks and stiff, broad-based leaves. The remaining species are known collectively as shrubby dracaenas. They are smaller and shrub-like, with slender stems and flexible strap-shaped leaves, and grow as understorey plants in rainforests.
  Dracaena plants are suitable for use as houseplants, being a top performer in NASA's clean air study and tolerant to sparse watering.

São Nicolau Island
São Nicolau (Portuguese meaning Saint Nicholas) is one of the Barlavento (Windward) islands of Cape Verde. It is located between the islands of Santa Luzia and Sal. Its population is 12,769, with an area of 388 km². Its economy consists mainly of agriculture as well as fishing and tourism near its beaches. Much of the population is rural. Preguiça Airport is located to the south between Vila da Ribeira Brava and Campo.
First inhabited in the sixteenth century, its first settlers came from Madeira and Portugal, it is known for its mountains and for its main town, Ribeira Brava, long the seat of the Cape Verde diocese. Its other town is the ferry and the fishing port of Tarrafal. In 1818 a fort would be built at Preguiça to defend from pirate attacks. The seminary was first opened in 1866, the oldest in West Africa. A famine affected the entire island in the 1940s which led to emigration, mainly to São Tomé and Príncipe and the neighbouring island of Sal especially to Espargos where the airport and town would be created.
The mountainous island is mostly agricultural but is subject to droughts. The flat areas and hills dominate most of the coastline and the central part. A peninsula covers the eastern part of the island. The highest point on the island is Monte Gordo (1,312 m). Other mountains include Monte Bissau in the central part and Pico do Alberto to the east.