Lebanon 5 Livres banknote 1978

Lebanon 5 Livres banknote, National Museum of Beirut
Lebanon 5 Livres banknote 1978 Ancient Mamluk era Adonis bridge over the river Nahr el Kalb

Currency of Lebanon 5 Livres banknote 1978
Bank of Lebanon - Banque du Liban
Lebanon Banknotes - Lebanon Paper Money

Obverse: The National Museum of Beirut (Mathaf) at center. On the left side is an archway, outside proclaiming Lebanon's ancient heritage, onwards the National Museum of Beirut. On the right side is the figure is Baal with raised arm standing on 400-330 BC Phoenician 1/8th shekel silver coin from the City of Byblos, King Adramelek (On the coin: Galley left with two hoplites; hippocamp below / Lion left, attacking a bull, Phoenician script around.). To the left of Baal is a cypress. Denomination is in Arabic numeral.
Reverse: Ancient Mamluk era Adonis bridge over the river Nahr el Kalb ("The Dog River bridge"). Denomination in words is in French language.
Watermark: Ancient galley - Detail from a sarcophagus showing a Phoenician ship, Sidon, 2nd century AD.
Size: 140 х 70 mm.
Printer: Thomas De La Rue & Company Limited, London, England.

Lebanon Banknotes - Lebanon Paper Money
1964 - 1993 Issues
On 1 August 1963 decree No. 13.513 of the “Law of References: Banque Du Liban 23 Money and Credit” granted the Bank of Lebanon the sole right to issue notes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, and 250 pounds, expressed in Arabic on the front, and French (livres) on the back. All of these notes have security fibers embedded in the paper, though the location of them varies from right to left, and front to back, on different denominations.

1 Livre      5 Livres      10 Livres      25 Livres      50 Livres      100 Livres    

250 Livres      500 Livres      1000 Livres      10000 Livres

National Museum of Beirut
The National Museum of Beirut is the principal museum of archaeology in Lebanon. The collection was begun after World War I, and the museum was officially opened in 1942. The museum has collections totalling about 100,000 objects, most of which are antiquities and medieval finds from excavations undertaken by the Directorate General of Antiquities. About 1300 artifacts are exhibited, ranging in date from prehistoric times to the medieval Mamluk period.
  During the 1975 Lebanese Civil War, the museum stood on the front line that separated the warring factions. The museum's Egyptian Revival building and its collection suffered extensive damage in the war, but most of the artifacts were saved by last-minute pre-emptive measures.
Today, after a major renovation, the National Museum of Beirut has regained its former position, especially as a leading collector for ancient Phoenician objects.

Bronze figurine of a Baal
Bronze figurine of a Baal, ca. XIV-XII century BC, found at Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit) near the Phoenician coast. Today is in Musée du Louvre.
  Baal, also rendered Baʿal (Biblical Hebrew בַּעַל), is a North-West Semitic title and honorific meaning "master" or "lord" that is used for various gods who were patrons of cities in the Levant and Asia Minor, cognate to Akkadian Bēlu. A Baalist or Baalite means a worshipper of Baal.
  "Baal" may refer to any god and even to human officials. In some texts it is used for Hadad, a god of thunderstorms, fertility and agriculture, and the lord of Heaven. Baal is often represented by the symbol of the bull. Since only priests were allowed to utter his divine name, Hadad, Ba‛al was commonly used. Nevertheless, few if any biblical uses of "Baal" refer to Hadad, the lord over the assembly of gods on the holy mount of Heaven; most refer to a variety of local spirit-deities worshiped as cult images, each called baal and regarded in the Hebrew Bible in that context as a false god. Wikipedia Logo

The Cypress is a tall and erect coniferous evergreen tree. It may reach a height of 25 meters. It is very common in boulevards, ornamental gardens, planted forests, cemeteries and as a windbreaker around plantations. Herzl’s cypress tree, which was planted by Herzl at Motza, is also a Funeral Cypress. Isolated remains indicate that the cypress grew wild in Israel. Wild cypress remains were found in the Galilee (Kziv Stream), on Mount Hermon, Gilead and Edom. In Crete there are wild cypress trees that are believed to be 450 years old, and in Israel there is a planted individual tree that is approximately 230 years old. It is difficult to assess its age by the annual xylem rings, because it may form several pseudo-rings within one year which do not encircle its trunk entirely.

Ancient Mamluk era bridge over the river Nahr el Kalb
Ancient Mamluk era bridge over the river Nahr el Kalb ("The Dog River bridge") has been rebuilt many times. There are two grades of construction of this arched bridge, one under Sultan Barqoug (1392 - 1399) and one with the Emir Bashir Shihab II (January 2, 1767 - 1850), who repaired the bridge in 1809.
  The other bridge, built between 1883 and 1892, was made by Mutassarrif of Mount Lebanon, Pashko Vasa.

Pashko Vasa (1825 - June 29, 1892) also known as Vaso Pasha, Wasa Pasha or Vaso Pashë Shkodrani, was an Albanian writer, poet and publicist of the Albanian National Awakening, and Governor of Lebanon from 1882 until his death.