Faroe Islands 100 Krone banknote 2011

Faroe Islands Banknotes 100 Krone banknote 2011 Atlantic cod
Faroese Banknotes 100 Krone banknote 2011 Klaksvik
Faroese Banknotes 100 Krone banknote 2011

Obverse: The motif for the 100-krone banknote is a fragment of a Atlantic cod’s tail printed in intaglio. Behind the motif is a watercolour with sea elements.
Reverse: To match the cod on the face of the banknote, the reverse motif is a watercolour of Klaksvík, one of the most important Faroese fishing ports.
Signatures of Dan Michael Knudsen and Aksel Vilhelmsson Johannesen. Wide windowed security thread at right on front. One 7-digit horizontal serial number at upper left on front and another one with 6 digits at lower left on front. OMRON-rings on both sides.
Watermark: Ram's head - Faroes sheep. The Faroes is a breed of domestic sheep native to the Faroe Islands. One of the Northern European short-tailed sheep, it is a small, very hardy breed. "Faeroe islands" means "sheep islands" and this animal is on Faroese coat of arms.
Format: 135 x 72 mm.
Printer: Banknote Printing Works and The Royal Danish Mint, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Faroese banknotes - Currency of the Faroe Islands
2011 Issue
The motifs are inspired by the Faroese landscape and fauna. The faces of the banknotes show fragments of fauna, while the reverse motifs are reproductions of watercolours of Faroese landscapes. The watercolours are by the Faroese artist Zacharias Heinesen. The motifs have been chosen, among other reasons, for their dissimilarity, so that the banknotes are easy to distinguish from each other. The fauna motifs are fragments, which gives the banknotes a vivid appearance. The watercolours lend a special quality of lightness to the banknotes.

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Atlantic cod
The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a well-known benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans. It is also commercially known as cod or codling. Dry cod may be prepared as unsalted stockfish or as cured salt cod or clipfish.
   In the western Atlantic Ocean, cod has a distribution north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, and around both coasts of Greenland and the Labrador Sea; in the eastern Atlantic, it is found from the Bay of Biscay north to the Arctic Ocean, including the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, Sea of the Hebrides, areas around Iceland and the Barents Sea.
   It can grow to 2 meters in length and weigh up to 96 kilograms (212 lb). It can live for 25 years and usually attains sexual maturity between ages two and four, but cod in the northeast Arctic can take as long as eight years to fully mature. Colouring is brown to green, with spots on the dorsal side, shading to silver ventrally. A stripe along its lateral line is clearly visible. Its habitat ranges from the shoreline down to the continental shelf.
   Several cod stocks collapsed in the 1990s (declined by >95% of maximum historical biomass) and have failed to recover even with the cessation of fishing. This absence of the apex predator has led to a trophic cascade in many areas. Many other cod stocks remain at risk. The Atlantic cod is labelled VU (vulnerable) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Klaksvík (Danish: Klaksvig) is the second largest town of the Faroe Islands. The town is located on Borðoy, which is one of the northernmost islands (the Norðoyar).
   The first settlement at Klaksvík dates back to Viking times, but it was not until the 20th century that the district merged to form a large, modern Faroese town that became a cultural and commercial centre for the Northern Isles and the Faroe Islands as a whole.
   Klaksvík is located between two inlets lying back to back. It has an important harbour with fishing industry and a modern fishing fleet. Originally, four farms were located where Klaksvík is now. In time, they grew into four villages, Vágur, Myrkjanoyri, Gerðar and Uppsalir, which finally merged to form the town of Klaksvík in 1938. What triggered the development of the town was the establishment of a centralized store for all the northern islands on the location.
   With the opening of the Leirvík sub sea tunnel, the Norðoyatunnilin in April 2006, Klaksvík gained a physical link with the mainland of the Faroe Islands and can now be considered one of its key ports. Several developments are under way to exploit this symbiosis, including a new industrial park located by the tunnel entrance. Klaksvík is home to Summarfestivalurin, the largest music festival in the Faroe Islands.