Canada 20 Dollar Note 1979 Queen Elizabeth II

Canadian Banknotes 20 Dollar Note 1979 Queen Elizabeth II
Canada money currency 20 Dollar Note 1979 Moraine Lake and the Valley of the Ten Peaks
Canadian Banknotes 20 Dollar Note 1979 Queen Elizabeth II
Bank of Canada - Banque du Canada

Obverse: Portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada in an evening dress, wearing a diamond necklace and diamond earringsat right and Arms of Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada at left. The original photograph, on which the engraving is based, was an official portrait taken around 1962 by Anthony Buckley in Buckingham palace. The engraving of this portrait, which was used for the Canadian 1- and 2-dollar notes issued in 1973 and for the 20-dollar notes issued in 1969 and 1979, was created by George Gunderson, master engraver of the British American Bank Note Company.
Signatures: Governor of the Bank of Canada (Gouverneur) - John Crow; Deputy Governor of the Bank of Canada (Sous-Gouverneur) - Gordon George Thiessen.

The reverse depicts a scene of the Canadian Rockies, specifically Moraine Lake in the Valley of the Ten Peaks, based on a photograph from the Canadian Pacific Railway archives. The original engraving for the reverse was prepared by De La Rue, but because the mountains "did not seem authentic", an engraving prepared by British American Bank Note Company was used instead.

It was unveiled at a press conference by the Bank of Canada on 18 June 1970, and released into circulation four days later. It was printed by Canadian Bank Note Company and British American Bank Note Company. An updated version was issued in 1979, for which the serial numbers were moved to the bottom centre of the reverse, the central obverse design was modified, and the secondary colours were more strongly emphasized to further differentiate the $20 banknote from the $1 banknote.

Canada banknotes - Canada paper money
Scenes of Canada, 1969-1979 Series
Scenes of Canada was the fourth series of banknotes of the Canadian dollar issued by the Bank of Canada. It was first circulated in 1970 to succeed the 1954 Series, and was replaced by the Birds of Canada series beginning in 1986.
The design process for this series began in 1963 with a primary goal of creating banknotes that were more counterfeit-resistant than the 1954 Series it was to replace.
   Each denomination retained the dominant colour of the respective banknote from the 1954 Series: green for the $1 banknote, orange (terracotta) for the $2 banknote, blue for the $5 banknote, mauve (purple) for the $10 banknote, burnt orange (red) for the $50 banknote, and brown for the $100 banknote. Because of the multicoloured tints used to complement the design for each banknote, Bank of Canada staff began referring to the series as the "multicoloured series".
   Initially, all denominations were to feature the portrait of Elizabeth II, but portraits of former prime ministers were used for some denominations at the request of Edgar Benson, the Minister of Finance in 1968, to "reflect Canada's burgeoning national identity". The vertical borders of the obverse were curvilinear, the left edge of which had "multicoloured diamonds" bordering a circular frame within which was the Coat of Arms. It also featured "sweeping guilloché" patterns.

One Dollar      2 Dollars      5 Dollars      10 Dollars   

20 Dollars       50 Dollars       100 Dollars

Canadian Rockies
The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains. They are the eastern part of the Canadian Cordillera, which is a system of multiple ranges of mountains which runs from the Canadian Prairies to the Pacific Coast. The Canadian Rockies mountain system comprises the southeastern part of this system, laying between the Interior Plains of Alberta and Northeastern British Columbia on the east to the Rocky Mountain Trench of BC on the west. The southern end borders Idaho and Montana of the USA. In geographic terms the boundary is at the Canada/US border, but in geological terms it might be considered to be at Marias Pass in northern Montana. The northern end is at the Liard River in northern British Columbia.
   The Canadian Rockies have numerous high peaks and ranges, such as Mount Robson (3,954 m (12,972 ft)) and Mount Columbia (3,747 m (12,293 ft)). The Canadian Rockies are composed of shale and limestone. Much of the range is protected by national and provincial parks, several of which collectively comprise a World Heritage Site.

Moraine Lake
Moraine Lake is a glacially-fed lake in Banff National Park, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) outside the Village of Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada. It is situated in the Valley of the Ten Peaks, at an elevation of approximately 6,183 feet (1,885 m). The lake has a surface area of .5 square kilometres (0.19 sq mi).
   The lake, being glacially fed, does not reach its crest until mid to late June. When it is full, it reflects a distinct shade of blue. The colour is due to the refraction of light off the rock flour deposited in the lake on a continual basis.
   The area around the lake has several walking/hiking trails which are, from time to time, restricted. This is the one most commonly taken by tourists. The Rockpile Trail along the actual moraine is approximately 300 metres long, with an elevation change of 24 metres (79 ft). The view of the lake from the top of the rockpile is one of the most photographed locations in all of Canada. That view of the mountains behind the lake in Valley of the Ten Peaks is known as the Twenty Dollar View, as Moraine Lake was featured on the reverse side of the 1969 and 1979 issues of the Canadian twenty dollar bill.
   Along the same trailhead, the Consolation Lakes trail starts, which is approximately 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long, with an elevation change of 90 metres (300 ft). Upon reaching Consolation Lakes hikers may continue along to the upper lake, which is not visible from the end of the lower lake. There is, however, no clearly marked trail, and can often be a scramble over large rocky areas.
   Near the canoe docks of Moraine Lake Lodge there is another trailhead. This trailhead is the start of two trails, one of which branches out into four different trails - so there are in total, five trails starting at that trailhead (Moraine Lake Lakeshore Trail, Eiffel Lake, Wenkchemna Pass, Larch Valley, and Sentinel Pass). The Lake Louise & Yoho Map provides information on these trails.

Valley of the Ten Peaks 
Valley of the Ten Peaks (French: Vallée des Dix Pics) is a valley in Banff National Park in Alberta, Canada, which is crowned by ten notable peaks and also includes Moraine Lake. The valley can be reached by following the Moraine Lake road near Lake Louise. The ten peaks were originally named by Samuel Allen, an early explorer of the region, who simply referred to them by using the numerals from one to ten in the Stoney First Nations Language. He may have learnt the terms from his Native American guides, who helped him with the horses. The Nakoda - also known as the Stoney Indians - is a tribe whose culture and dialect are closely related to that of the Assiniboine First Nation, from whom they are believed to have separated in the mid-1700s, and who roamed large parts of the prairies and mountains of western Alberta well into British Columbia. The secluded Valley of the Ten Peaks was part of their original homeland. Gradually, though, all but three of the mountains were renamed in honour of noteworthy individuals, including Allen himself.
   Mount Hungabee was not included in the original peak list by Allen, even though it is higher than Wenkchemna Peak, the latter of which is really an extension of Hungabee.
The ten peaks, in order of how they are numbered from east to west, are:

Peak                                metres          feet        Original Native name
1 Mount Fay                      3,235          10,613 Heejee
2 Mount Little                    3,088          10,131 Num
3 Mount Bowlen                3,072          10,079 Yamnee
4 Mount Tonsa                  3,057          10,030 Tonsa
5 Mount Perren                 3,051          10,010 Sapta
6 Mount Allen                   3,310          10,860 Shappee
7 Mount Tuzo                   3,246          10,650 Shagowa
8 Deltaform Mountain        3,424          11,234       Shakhnowa
9 Neptuak Mountain          3,233          10,607 Neptuak
10 Wenkchemna Peak      3,170          10,401 Wenkchemna

There are other peaks visible from within the valley as well, including Mount Temple, Mount Babel and Eiffel Peak. Fay Glacier is developed between Mount Babel, Mount Fay, Mount Little and Mount Bowlen.

Canadian 20 Dollar Bills

Canadian 20 Dollar Bill 1979 Queen Elizabeth II          Canadian 20 Dollar Bill 1954 Queen Elizabeth II