Poland 1000 Zloty banknote 1965 Nicolaus Copernicus

Poland Banknotes 1000 Zloty banknote 1965 Nicolaus Copernicus
1000 Polish Zloty banknote 1965 Copernican heliocentric system
Poland Banknotes 1000 Zloty banknote 1965 Nicolaus Copernicus
National Bank of Poland - Narodowy Bank Polski

Obverse: Portrait of Nicolaus Copernicus (1473 - 1543), the great 16th century astronomer, mathematician, astronomer, economist, physician, founder of the heliocentric theory. Coat of arms of the People's Republic of Poland at upper right.
Reverse: Copernican heliocentric system.
Watermark: Nicolaus Copernicus.

  President of the National Bank of Poland - Stanisław Majewski.
  Chief Treasurer of the National Bank of Poland - Jan Bartosik.
Issue Date: October 29, 1965
Dimensions: 150 x 75 mm
Printer: PWPW - Polska Wytwórnia Papierów Wartościowych S.A. (Polish Security Printing Works, Warsaw, Poland)
Author: Julian Pałka (1923 - 2002), Henryk Tomaszewski (b. 1914), engraved by Jerzy Miller.
In Circulation: from June 1, 1966 to December 31, 1978

Poland banknotes - Poland paper money
01.07.1948 Issue

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1000 Zloty 1965 Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish Mikołaj Kopernik (born February 19, 1473, Toruń, Poland - died May 24, 1543, Frauenburg, East Prussia [now Frombork, Poland]), Polish astronomer who proposed that the planets have the Sun as the fixed point to which their motions are to be referred; that the Earth is a planet which, besides orbiting the Sun annually, also turns once daily on its own axis; and that very slow, long-term changes in the direction of this axis account for the precession of the equinoxes. This representation of the heavens is usually called the heliocentric, or “Sun-centred,” system—derived from the Greek helios, meaning “Sun.” Copernicus’s theory had important consequences for later thinkers of the scientific revolution, including such major figures as Galileo, Kepler, Descartes, and Newton. Copernicus probably hit upon his main idea sometime between 1508 and 1514, and during those years he wrote a manuscript usually called the Commentariolus (“Little Commentary”). However, the book that contains the final version of his theory, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium libri vi (“Six Books Concerning the Revolutions of the Heavenly Orbs”), did not appear in print until 1543, the year of his death.