Brazil 200 Mil Reis banknote 1923 Emperor Pedro II of Brazil

Brazil Banknotes 200 Mil Reis bank note 1923 Emperor Pedro II of Brazil
Brazil paper money 200 Mil Reis banknote 1923 Panoramic view of Rio de Janeiro
Brazil Banknotes 200 Mil Reis banknote 1923 Banco do Brasil

Obverse: Portrait of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil at right. In the top, the issuer name "BANCO DO BRASIL".
Reverse: Panoramic view of Rio de Janeiro. In the top, the issuer name "BANCO DO BRASIL".
Printed by American Bank Note Company, New York.

Brazil banknotes - Brazil paper money - Cédulas Brasileiras
Banco do Brasil - L. 4635 - 08.01.1923

      1 Mil Reis       2 Mil Reis       5 Mil Reis       10 Mil Reis       10 Mil Reis    

   20 Mil Reis       50 Mil Reis       50 Mil Reis       100 Mil Reis    200 Mil Reis

       500 Mil Reis       1000 Mil Reis

Emperor Pedro II of Brazil

  Dom Pedro II (2 December 1825 – 5 December 1891), nicknamed "the Magnanimous", was the second and last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years. Born in Rio de Janeiro, he was the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina and thus a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza. His father's abrupt abdication and flight to Europe in 1831 left a five-year-old Pedro II as Emperor and led to a grim and lonely childhood and adolescence. Obliged to spend his time studying in preparation for rule, he knew only brief moments of happiness and encountered few friends of his age. His experiences with court intrigues and political disputes during this period greatly affected his later character. Pedro II grew into a man with a strong sense of duty and devotion toward his country and his people. On the other hand, he increasingly resented his role as monarch.
   Inheriting an Empire on the verge of disintegration, Pedro II turned Portuguese-speaking Brazil into an emerging power in the international arena. The nation grew to be distinguished from its Hispanic neighbors on account of its political stability, zealously guarded freedom of speech, respect for civil rights, vibrant economic growth and especially for its form of government: a functional, representative parliamentary monarchy. Brazil was also victorious in three international conflicts (the Platine War, the Uruguayan War and the Paraguayan War) under his rule, as well as prevailing in several other international disputes and domestic tensions. Pedro II steadfastly pushed through the abolition of slavery despite opposition from powerful political and economic interests. A savant in his own right, the Emperor established a reputation as a vigorous sponsor of learning, culture and the sciences. He won the respect and admiration of scholars such as Charles Darwin, Victor Hugo and Friedrich Nietzsche, and was a friend to Richard Wagner, Louis Pasteur and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, among others.
   Although there was no desire for a change in the form of government among most Brazilians, the Emperor was overthrown in a sudden coup d'état that had almost no support outside a clique of military leaders who desired a form of republic headed by a dictator. Pedro II had become weary of emperorship and despaired over the monarchy's future prospects, despite its overwhelming popular support. He allowed no prevention of his ouster and did not support any attempt to restore the monarchy. He spent the last two years of his life in exile in Europe, living alone on very little money.
    The reign of Pedro II thus came to an unusual end - he was overthrown while highly regarded by the people and at the pinnacle of his popularity, and some of his accomplishments were soon brought to naught as Brazil slipped into a long period of weak governments, dictatorships, and constitutional and economic crises. The men who had exiled him soon began to see in him a model for the Brazilian republic. A few decades after his death, his reputation was restored and his remains were returned to Brazil with celebrations nationwide. Historians have regarded the Emperor in an extremely positive light and several have ranked him as the greatest Brazilian.

Brazilian 200 Mil Reis Bank Notes

200 Mil Reis banknote 1923 Emperor Pedro II of Brazil