Confederate Currency 1861 5 Dollar Treasury Bill Christopher Memminger T-33

Confederate Currency 1861 5 Dollar Treasury Bill Christopher Memminger T-33
Confederate Money C. G. Memminger five dollars T-33
Confederate Currency 5 Dollar Treasury Bill September 2, 1861 Richmond Virginia, Christopher Memminger T-33

Description:  This $5 Confederate note has a portrait of Christopher Gustavus Memminger is on the face of this bill, he served as secretary of the treasury for the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. At the right is an allegorical figure that represents Minerva, the Goddess of War. This note was printed with black and blue-green or yellow-green ink on either plain or watermarked paper. This obsolete civil war currency note has no design on the back.

Inscriptions: "Six Months after the ratification of a Treaty of Peace between the Confederate States and the United States, the Confederate States of America will pay to bearer Five Dollars/ Fundable in Eight Per Cent stock or bonds of the Confederate States of America/ Receivable in payment of all dues except export duties"

Criswell is T-33 254Ba, the Fricke # is PF-7, which means this bill was printed on plain paper without any watermarks and only Keatinge and Ball were listed as engravers, Leggett was already out of the business by the time this note was printed. This is one of the fairly scarce CSA issues as only 136,736 were originally issued by Keatinge and Ball.

Christopher Memminger
Christopher Memminger (born Christopher Gustavus Memminger; January 9, 1803 – March 7, 1888) was a German American politician and one of the founding fathers of the Confederate States. He was the principal author of the Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States, as well as the founder of the nation's financial system. As the first Secretary of the Treasury, Memminger was the main author of the economic policies of the Jefferson Davis administration.

Memminger was born on January 9, 1803, in Vaihingen, Würtemberg (present-day Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany). His father, Gottfried Memminger, was an officer who died a month after his son's birth. His mother, Eberhardina (née Kohler) Memminger, immigrated to Charleston, South Carolina, but died of yellow fever in 1807. Christopher was placed in an orphanage. His fortunes changed when, at the age of eleven, he was taken under the care of Thomas Bennett, a prominent lawyer and future Governor. He entered South Carolina College at the age of 12 and graduated second in his class at 16. Memminger passed the bar in 1825 and became a successful lawyer. He married Mary Withers Wilkinson in 1832.
  He was a leader of the opponents during the nullification excitement. He published The Book of Nullification (1832–1833) which satirized the advocates of the doctrine in biblical style. He entered state politics and served in the South Carolina state legislature from 1836 to 1852 and 1854 to 1860, where for nearly twenty years he was the head of the finance committee. Memminger was a staunch advocate of education and helped give Charleston one of the most comprehensive public school systems in the country. In 1859, after John Brown's raid, he was commissioned by South Carolina to consult with other delegates in Virginia as to the best method of warding off attacks of abolitionists.

American Civil War
Memminger was considered a moderate on the secession issue, but after Lincoln's election, he decided secession was necessary. When South Carolina seceded from the United States in 1860, Memminger was asked to write the Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union which outlined the reasons for secession. When other states also seceded, he was selected as a South Carolina delegate to the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States, and was the chairman of the committee which drafted the Provisional Constitution of the Confederate States. The twelve-man committee produced a provisional constitution in only four days.
  When Jefferson Davis formed his first cabinet, Memminger was chosen as Secretary of the Treasury on February 21, 1861. It was a difficult task, in view of the financial challenges facing the Confederacy. He attempted to finance the government initially via bonds and tariffs (and confiscation of gold from the United States Mint in New Orleans), but soon found himself forced to more extreme measures such as income taxation and fiat currency. He had been a supporter of hard currency before the war, but found himself issuing increasingly devalued paper money, which by war's end was worth less than two percent of its face value in gold.

Memminger resigned his post as Secretary of the Treasury on July 1, 1864 and was replaced by fellow South Carolinian G. A. Trenholm. He returned to his summer residence in Flat Rock, North Carolina. In the post-war years, he returned to Charleston, received a presidential pardon in 1866, and returned to private law practice and business investment. He also continued his work on developing South Carolina's public education system and was voted to a final term in the state legislature in 1877.