Hong Kong banknotes 5 dollars banknote, Mercantile Bank of India.

Hong Kong dollars banknotes money currency
 5 Hong Kong dollars 
Mercantile Bank of India banknotes notes
Five dollar 1941 Hong Kong branch issue of the Mercantile Bank of India.

Banknotes of the Hong Kong dollar - 5 dollars banknote of 1941, issued by the Mercantile Bank of India, London and China.

Obverse:  Junks and pagoda.
Reverse:  Mercury.
Printed by Waterlow and Sons Limited, London England.

The Mercantile Bank of India, London and China (later, Mercantile Bank, Ltd) was an Anglo-Indian bank with business focus in the Far East. It was founded in Bombay in 1853 as the 'Mercantile Bank of Bombay'. It expanded its operations to the Far East in November 1854 with the opening of an office in Shanghai. In 1857, the bank was granted a royal charter, and it established a presence in Hong Kong. The name was late changed to the 'Mercantile Bank of India, London, and China', and it moved its headquarters to London in 1858.

It competed with the other great British banks of those times, namely - Oriental Bank Corporation, the Hongkong & Shanghai Bank and Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; involved in trade between India and China and other British possessions, East of suez. By 1860, its total assets reached the amount of 21.7 million USD, a medium-sized bank by the standards of that time - a comparison shows that one of the leading Anglo-Indian banks, the Oriental Bank Corporation was about three times larger in terms of total assets. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869; and completion of Indo-European telegraph line from London to Calcutta, and its extension to China in 1871; most British banks (including Mercantile bank) were well placed to expand and develop its business.

The bank expanded its presence with branches across India, the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States, in Hong Kong and in Shanghai. It issued banknotes in Penang, Singapore and Hong Kong. It became the issuer of Hong Kong banknotes for the first time from 1859 to 1892.

There was a re-consolidation of its operations at the beginning of 20th century; and in 1912 it again became issuer of Hong Kong banknotes, a privilege it continued till 1974.

During the Second World War, the Mercantile Bank had to close down several offices in the Far East, but it managed to re-open its offices after the war. The Hong Kong office re-opened in February 1946 and the Shanghai office in 1945, but was closed down its Shanghai operations in 1952 due to the Communist party rule. In 1952, total assets of the bank totaled 205.5 million USD.

The bank was acquired in 1959 by The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. By then its name had been shortened again, to 'Mercantile Bank, Ltd'.

The Mercantile Bank was an issuer of Hong Kong banknotes till 1974.