Dominican Republic 2000 Pesos Oro banknote 2009 Jose Rufino Reyes & Emilio Prud’Homme

Dominican Republic currency 2000 Pesos Oro banknote 2009 Jose Rufino Reyes & Emilio Prud’Homme
Dominican Republic money 2000 Pesos Oro banknote 2009 Teatro Nacional Eduardo Brito

Currency of the Dominican Republic 2000 Pesos Oro banknote 2009 Jose Rufino Reyes & Emilio Prud’Homme
Central Bank of the Dominican Republic - Banco Central de la República Dominicana
Dominican Republic Banknotes - Dominican Republic Paper Money

Obverse: The main images on the banknote are the engraved images of the composers of the words and music of the National Anthem, occupying the right half of the banknote: Jose Rufino Reyes, facing forward and looking towards the right-hand side of the banknote, and  Emilio Prud’Homme, in profile and looking towards the left-hand side of the banknote. Seal of the Central Bank of the Republic at left. Blossoms of the Mahogany Tree, La caoba (Swietenia mahagoni), formerly (1957-2011) the national flower and now the national tree of the Dominican Republic at center. Black and blue on multicolor underprint.
Signatures: Hector Valdez Albizu (Gobernador del Banco Central) and Vicente Bengoa (Secretario de Estado de Finanzas).

Reverse: Vignette of the front facade of the National Theater (Teatro Nacional Eduardo Brito), on the left half of the banknote and angled toward the right-hand side of the banknote.

Watermark: The watermark on the banknote shows the image of patriot Juan Pablo Duarte & Electrotype 2000, which can be observed by holding the banknote against the light. The image is neither drawn nor printed.  It was incorporated into the body of the paper during while it was manufactured; therefore, it is an integral part of the paper.
Signage for the Visually Impaired: It consists in the placement of a geometric figure in bas relief along the lower left-hand edge of the banknotes.
Printer: De La Rue, London.
Dimensions: 157 x 67 mm.

Texts: Banco Central de la Republica Dominicana. Este billete tiene fuerza liberatoria para el pago de todas las obligaciones
publicas o privadas. Gobernador del Banco Central. Ministro de Hacienda. Dos Mil Pesos Oro. Dios. Patria. Libertad.

Security Features:
1. Latent Image (hidden): The effect of this image is created through the process of Intaglio printing.  The shadows caused by microscopic channeling and slots create an image that is only perceivable when observed under a light, at a 45-degree angle.
2. Signage for the Visually Impaired: It consists in the placement of a geometric figure in bas relief along the lower left-hand edge of the banknotes.
3. Micro-printing: Small-letter inscriptions which, upon simple inspection, resemble a solid line but can only be deciphered if seen through a magnifying lens.
4. Asymmetrical horizontal numbering: Numbering characterized by ascending type fonts; each letter and numbering is of a different and increasing size.
5. Year of printing: The year in which the banknote was printed is located on the front of the banknotes and helps identify the series to which it belongs.
6. Vertical numbering: Numbering appears in the form of printing same-size letters in a vertical line along the right-hand edge of the banknotes.
7. Reflective security thread with clear text: A thin thread made of synthetic material, printed with clear text, is inserted within the paper’s mass. The thread can be seen on the front of the banknote, over the paper’s surface, in the form of bars that are alternatively shiny and reflective, extending from one end of the banknote to the other.  The thread can also be seen on the back of the banknote, inside the paper’s mass, yet without the reflective surfaces.  The banknote’s denomination is spelled out within the text and it can only be read by holding the banknote against the light.
8. Optical variable ink: The banknotes are printed in this area with optical variable ink, which changes color depending on the viewing angle.
9. Watermarks: The watermark on the banknote shows the image of patriot Juan Pablo Duarte, which can be observed by holding the banknote against the light.  The image is neither drawn nor printed.  It was incorporated into the body of the paper during while it was manufactured; therefore, it is an integral part of the paper.
10. Optical variable band: An optical variable band has been placed on the back of the banknotes.  When the banknote is held flat, the bad appears in a golden color and tends to disappear when the banknote changes positions.

Dominican Republic Banknotes - Dominican Republic Paper Money
2000 - 2010 Issue

10 Pesos Oro       20 Pesos Oro       50 Pesos Oro       100 Pesos Oro     

200 Pesos Oro       500 Pesos Oro       1000 Pesos Oro       2000 Pesos Oro

Emilio Prud’Homme
Emilio Prud’Homme y Maduro (August 20, 1856- July 21, 1932) was a Dominican lawyer, writer, and educator. Prud’Homme is known for having authored the lyrics of the Dominican National Anthem. He is also attributed with helping establish a national identity, for what was at the time a nascent republic.

  Emilio Prud’Homme was born in Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic on August 20, 1856 to Ana Maduro and Gen. Pedro Prud’Homme; he had a brother: Lorenzo Fenelón Prud’Homme.
  Prud’Homme excelled in teaching, an activity to which he devoted most of his life. He was a great collaborator and disciple of Eugenio María de Hostos and taught at "Perserevancia of Azua" and also in the "Liceo Dominicano" in 1892 and was director of the "Normal School", a teaching college founded by Hostos in 1880.
  He married to Manuela Batista on August 19, 1880, and had one daughter: Ana Emilia Prud’Homme.
Prud’Homme was a legislator in the Congress of the Dominican Republic. He also served as the Secretary of Justice and Social Instruction in the administration of Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal. Prud’Homme was publicly critical of the United States occupation and as a result was forced to resign his teaching post. As a result, he pursued a career as a lawyer.
Writing career
Most of his literary works were directed to the exaltation of patriotic values, respect and love for the defense of sovereignty and national independence.
  His magnum opus being the Dominican National Anthem, which was written in 1883, with music by José Rufino Reyes y Siancas. He later modified his work in 1897, when it began to be used at official state functions. Yet, it was not officially the National Anthem until 1934, when then dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo consecrated it as a national symbol and made mandatory its use at state and public functions.

Jose Rufino Reyes
José Rufino Reyes y Siancas (también conocido como Jose Reyes) (November 15, 1836 – January 31, 1905) was a Dominican composer, known for writing the music in the Dominican national anthem. Among his other works are compositions of waltzes and marches. He also wrote secular and religious music.
  José Rufino Reyes was born Santo Dominigo, Dominican Republic, on November 15, 1836. He was the son of Rafael Reyes, a poor retailer, and Mary Merced Siancas. Reyes had no formal education and was raised in cottage dwelling. el era soldado regular del ejercito, where he studied music with the director of the military band, Juan Bautista Fonseca. He learned various musical instruments, with primary focus on the cello.

National anthem
In 1882, alongside Emilio Prud'Homme, he wrote the music for what would later become the national anthem of the Dominican Republic. The following year on August 7 he premiered the composition in celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the restoration of the Republic with lyrics written by Prud'Homme, during a ceremony held at the Lodge La Esperanza. The composition was then again performed on February 27, 1884, in honor of Juan Pablo Duarte in the theater of the Republic during the occasion of the arrival of Duarte's remains in the country, which were deposited in the Chapel of the Immortals.
  In 1885, the composition received its greatest public praise when it was performed by the military band teacher Betances, in the Cathedral Square and its popularity then increased on the fiftieth anniversary of the Republic. In 1896 it was nominated to be the official anthem of the country unsuccessfully. On 7 June 1897, the Congress of the Dominican Republic passed an act adopting "Himno Nacional" with the original music and revised lyrics as the country's official national anthem; however, then-President Ulises Heureaux (1846–1899) vetoed the act because the lyric's author, Prud'homme, was an opponent of the president and his administration.
José Rufino Reyes died on January 31, 1905, without seeing the national anthem being formalized. His remains were laid to rest by the words of Federico Henriquez y Carvajal. In 1916, the Congress tried once again without results to formalize the anthem. Eventually on May 3, 1934, due to a message sent to Congress by the dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, a law was passed which established Reyes' composition as the official anthem of the Dominican Republic.

Teatro Nacional Eduardo Brito
Teatro Nacional (English: National Theatre) is part of the Plaza de la Cultura (Culture Plaza) complex, located in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The theatre is the center piece of the complex and is surrounded by several museums and cultural institutions. The complex is located on the Avenida Máximo Gomez, a central artery of the city of Santo Domingo. in 1977 hosted Miss Universe pageant.
  The theatre was designed by Dominican architect Teófilo Carbonell and it was opened on August 16, 1973. The theatre's main hall, Sala Eduardo Brito, is named after a famous Dominican opera singer and seats 1,600 spectators. The 24 by 25 metres stage can easily accommodate 250 people, while the orchestra can seat 120 musicians. Another hall, Sala Ravelo, is named after a Dominican musician and can seat 189 spectators. This secondary hall is dedicated exclusively to theatrical productions.
  The theatre's facade is articulated by classic arches made of travertine marble. The building has four levels that, in addition to the two main halls, house the administrative offices, a reception hall, the Sala de la Cultura (Culture Hall) and a bar. The Sala de la Cultura, with a capacity of 220 spectators, was created for piano concerts, chamber concerts, symposia, seminars, and cultural events of similar scale.
  Other institutions located within the building are the Biblioteca del Teatro (Theatre's Library), which was funded by Cuban artist Teresita Jimenez and the French embassy, and the Centro de Recuperación, Conservación y Difusión de la Música Dominicana (Center for Recovery, Preservation and Dissemination of Dominican Music), which stores historical information related to Dominican music.