1891 One Dollar Treasury or Coin Note

US currency 1891 One Dollar Treasury or Coin Note
1891 One Dollar Treasury or Coin Note
Old US Paper Money 1891 1 Dollar Treasury Note
1891 $1 Treasury Note
1891 One Dollar Treasury or Coin Note

The Series 1890 - 1891 One Dollar Treasury or Coin Note was ranked 83st most beautiful note in the book 100 Greatest American Currency Notes compiled by Bowers and Sundman.

Obverse: Bust of Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War under Presidents Abraham Lincoln, 1862-1865, and Andrew Johnson, 1865 - 1868.
Reverse: Segmented green and white design with more blank space.
Signatures: (as depicted) William Starke Rosecrans (Register of the Treasury) Enos H. Nebeker (Treasurer of the United States).

Inscriptions:  Series of 1891  -  Legal Tender Act July 14 1890  -  Bureau, Engraving & Printing  -  Register Of The Treasury  -  Treasurer Of The United States  -  Treasury Note  -  The United States Of America Will Pay To Bearer One Dollar In Coin Washington, D.C.  -  Amer Septent Sigil Thesaur  -  This Note Is A Legal Tender At Its Face Value In Payment of All Debts, Public and Private, Except When Otherwise Expressly Stipulated In The Contract.

Edwin McMasters Stanton (December 19, 1814 – December 24, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Secretary of War under the Lincoln Administration during most of the American Civil War. Stanton's effective management helped organize the massive military resources of the North and guide the Union to victory. He also organized the manhunt for Lincoln's killer, John Wilkes Booth.

Treasury Note or Coin Note 1890 - 1891 Issue

Treasury notes are also called "coin notes" because the Treasury secretary was required to redeem them in his choice of gold or silver coin, although the notes were backed by silver bullion rather than coins.
Treasury notes were issued only in 1890 and 1891. Both years has the same face designs generally of military heroes.
The original reverse designs featured the values spelled out in large letters. For 1891, they were designed to allow more blank space. The ornamentation of the two 0s in 100 on the reverse of the $100 notes looks like the pattern on the skin of a watermelon. Hence, they are known in the collecting community as "watermelon notes"

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