1890 Two Dollar Treasury or Coin Note

US currency 1890 Two Dollar Treasury or Coin Note
1890 Two Dollar Treasury or Coin Note
1890 2 Dollars Treasury Note
1890 $2 Treasury Note
1890 Two Dollar Treasury or Coin Note

The Series 1890 Two Dollar Treasury or Coin Note was ranked 15st most beautiful note in the book 100 Greatest American Currency Notes compiled by Bowers and Sundman.

Obverse: Bust of General James McPherson, Union Army general and a hero of the Battle of Vicksburg. Engraved by Charles Burt. 
Reverse: The word "TWO" - The face value spelled in large letters and surrounded by an ornate design that took up almost the entire note.
Signatures: (as depicted) William Starke Rosecrans (Register of the Treasury) Enos H. Nebeker (Treasurer of the United States).

Inscriptions:  Series of 1890  -  Legal Tender Act July 14 1890  -  Bureau, Engraving & Printing  -  Register Of The Treasury  -  Treasurer Of The United States  -  Treasury Note  -  The United States Of America Will Pay To Bearer Two Dollars In Coin Washington, D.C.  -  Amer Septent Sigil Thesaur  -  This Note Is A Legal Tender At Its Face Value In Payment of All Debts, Public and Private, Except When Otherwise Expressly Stipulated In The Contract.

James Birdseye McPherson (November 14, 1828 – July 22, 1864) was a career United States Army officer who served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was killed at the Battle of Atlanta, the second highest ranking Union officer killed during the war.

Treasury Note or Coin Note 1890 - 1891 Issue

Treasury notes are also called "coin notes" because the Treasury secretary was required to redeem them in his choice of gold or silver coin, although the notes were backed by silver bullion rather than coins.
Treasury notes were issued only in 1890 and 1891. Both years has the same face designs generally of military heroes.
The original reverse designs featured the values spelled out in large letters. For 1891, they were designed to allow more blank space. The ornamentation of the two 0s in 100 on the reverse of the $100 notes looks like the pattern on the skin of a watermelon. Hence, they are known in the collecting community as "watermelon notes"

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